Torsional Vibration

Transient Analysis of Synchronous Motor Trains

Paper No. 38

F. R. Szenasi, 7th Turbomachinery Symposium, Texas A&M University, December 1978 .

This paper discusses the philosophy of optimum location of torsional critical speeds which will be excited by the transient startup, as well as methods of adjusting the resonant frequencies. Pulsating torque, average torque, and acceleration rate during startup are considered in choosing the best frequency range for the resonances. Both steady-state and transient torsional excitation are discussed along with the applicable stress criterion. A method to determine the allowable number of startups is presented involving cumulative fatigue considerations which apply to the transient torsional stresses. The severity of the backlash in gears and geared couplings is discussed and methods for calculating the response of the system to instantaneous negative torque are presented. The proper choice of couplings can change mode shapes, reduce backlash severity, and add damping which can reduce the detrimental effects to the torsional system. The proper specifications of couplings and gears in the design stage and the proper definition of service conditions greatly aid the gear and coupling manufacturers and can result in a system which will operate reliably, even under backlash conditions.


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